Genome-wide analysis of G-type lectin genes in Fragaria vesca and functional characterization of FaMBL1 gene in defense response of F. × ananassa to fungal pathogens

Ma, Lijing (2022) Genome-wide analysis of G-type lectin genes in Fragaria vesca and functional characterization of FaMBL1 gene in defense response of F. × ananassa to fungal pathogens, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 34 Ciclo.
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Abstract

Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) is an important soft fruit but easily to be infected by pathogens. Anthracnose and gray mold are two of the most destructive diseases of strawberry which lead to serious fruit rot. The first chapter introduced strawberry anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum acutatum. The infection strategy, disease cycle and management of C. acutatum on strawberry were reported. Likewise, the second chapter summarized the infection strategy of Botrytis cinerea and the defense responses of strawberry. As we already know white unripe strawberry fruits are more resistant to C. acutatum than red ripe fruits. During the interaction between strawberry white/red fruit and C. acutaum, a mannose binding lectin gene, FaMBL1, was found to be the most up-regulated gene and induced exclusively in white fruit. FaMBL1 belongs to the G-type lectin family which has important roles in plant development and defense process. To get insight into the role of FaMBL1, genome-wide identification was carried out on G-type lectin gene family in Fragaria vesca and the results were showed in chapter 3. G-type lectin genes make up a large family in F. vesca. Active expression upon biotic/abiotic stresses suggested a potential role of G-lectin genes in strawberry defenses. Hence, stable transgenic strawberry plants with FaMBL1 gene overexpressed were generated. Transformed strawberry plants were screened and identified. The results were showed in chapter 4, content of disease-related phytohormone, jasmonic acid, was found decreased in overexpressing lines compared with wild type (WT). Petioles inoculated by C. fioriniae of overexpressing lines had lower disease incidence than WT. Leaves of overexpressing lines challenged by B. cinerea showed remarkably smaller lesion diameters compared with WT. The chitinase 2-1 (FaChi2-1) showed higher expression in overexpressing lines than in WT during the interaction with B. cinerea, which could be related with the lower susceptibility of overexpressing lines.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Ma, Lijing
Supervisore
Co-supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
34
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
anthracnose, B-lectin, G-type lectin, gray mold, phytohormones, strawberry
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
18 Marzo 2022
URI

Altri metadati

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