Automotive Radars:towards smarter vehicles

Davoli, Alessandro (2022) Automotive Radars:towards smarter vehicles, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Automotive per una mobilità intelligente, 34 Ciclo.
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Radars are expected to become the main sensors in various civilian applications, especially for autonomous driving. Their success is mainly due to the availability of low cost integrated devices, equipped with compact antenna arrays, and computationally efficient signal processing techniques. This thesis focuses on the study and the development of different deterministic and learning based techniques for colocated multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radars. In particular, after providing an overview on the architecture of these devices, the problem of detecting and estimating multiple targets in stepped frequency continuous wave (SFCW) MIMO radar systems is investigated and different deterministic techniques solving it are illustrated. Moreover, novel solutions, based on an approximate maximum likelihood approach, are developed. The accuracy achieved by all the considered algorithms is assessed on the basis of the raw data acquired from low power wideband radar devices. The results demonstrate that the developed algorithms achieve reasonable accuracies, but at the price of different computational efforts. Another important technical problem investigated in this thesis concerns the exploitation of machine learning and deep learning techniques in the field of colocated MIMO radars. In this thesis, after providing a comprehensive overview of the machine learning and deep learning techniques currently being considered for use in MIMO radar systems, their performance in two different applications is assessed on the basis of synthetically generated and experimental datasets acquired through a commercial frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) MIMO radar. Finally, the application of colocated MIMO radars to autonomous driving in smart agriculture is illustrated.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Davoli, Alessandro
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
MIMO radars, deterministic and model based estimation techniques, mmWave, machine learning, imaging
Data di discussione
30 Marzo 2022

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